Alcohol is a widely consumed drink in the world. The type of alcohol used in alcoholic beverages is ethanol, usually produced by yeast during the fermentation process. Although there are other types of alcohol such as isopropyl or butyl, they are not safe for human consumption. The amount of alcohol in beer, wine, and spirits can vary somewhat by proof, which is measured in percent alcohol by volume. Alcohol proof is generally double the percentage of alcohol indicated. Serving sizes are standardized for legal reasons to contain approximately 18ml of alcohol per serving.
While moderate alcohol consumption appears to be associated with potential health benefits, such as a reduced risk of heart disease, it is important to understand what is meant by moderate alcohol consumption and how much alcohol is safe. The question of how much alcohol is allowed is a complex question and the answer may depend on various factors such as age, gender and overall health of the person.
The characteristic taste of various alcoholic beverages is the result of their production methods, which lead to the emergence of various types of chemical compounds of alcohol such as methanol and butanol, aldehydes, etc. Although these compounds may give different psychoactive effects to different alcoholic beverages, but in general these differences are minor. In general, the alcohol content, or in popular terms, the percentage of alcohol, which is abbreviated as ABV or alc/vol, is a standard for showing the amount of alcohol (ethanol) in an alcoholic beverage. This standard is used all over the world.
Alcohol percentage of different drinks
Beer is the most well-known member of the malt family of alcoholic beverages. Beer ranges in alcohol content from 2 to 8 percent.
Wine is made by fermenting the juice of grapes or other fruits such as apples, cherries or berries. Winemaking begins with the harvesting of the fruit and is fermented in special large vessels under strict control at a certain temperature. When fermentation is complete, the mixture is filtered and bottled. Natural grape wines generally range from 8 to 14 percent alcohol. Fortified wine, to which alcohol or brandy has been added, contains 18 to 21 percent alcohol.
Whiskeys are obtained from the fermentation of grains such as barley, malt, wheat, corn, and sorghum, and after distillation, they are placed in oak nets. The concentration of whiskeys is about 15-40%.
Gin alcoholic drink is the result of juniper fruit distillation, the alcohol contained in this sugary drink is about 40% and it brings serious consequences for its consumers.
Vodka is a very dangerous alcoholic drink made with an alcohol dose of 35-55% and it is the result of combining water with ethanol alcohol. Vodka is the result of distillation after fermentation of grains or potatoes and can be deadly.
Alcohol Percentage 12.5%
In the United States, one “standard” drink (or one alcoholic drink equivalent) contains roughly 14 grams of pure alcohol, which is found in: 12 ounces of regular beer, which is usually about 5% alcohol. 5 ounces of wine, which is typically about 12% alcohol. 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits, which is about 40% alcohol.
A standard drink is usually defined as:
- 355 ml of beer with 5% alcohol
- 235 ml of malt liquor with 7% alcohol
- 150 ml of wine with an alcohol content of 12%
- 45 ml of distilled alcohol (such as vodka and whiskey) with an alcohol content of 40%
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to a wide range of negative health effects, including liver disease, heart disease, high blood pressure, some cancers, and mental health disorders. In addition, alcohol consumption can increase the risk of accidents and lead to addiction or dependence. While moderate alcohol consumption may have health benefits, it’s important to remember that alcohol is not necessary for a healthy diet or lifestyle, and the risks may outweigh the benefits. Studies have shown that even low levels of alcohol consumption can increase the risk of certain cancers, liver disease, and other health problems.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that people limit their alcohol consumption to no more than two drinks per week. The WHO also states that there is no safe level of alcohol consumption and that even one drink a day can increase the risk of certain cancers, liver disease and other health problems.